Do you want to start quail farming? Here's the complete guide for raising quail at your home for meat and eggs. Learn everything to start a small scale profitable farm & creatine a business plan from scratch.
Quail farming business is economically very profitable. Plus, you can grow these birds in your home. Let's know how to start your quail farm from the ground.
Step by step guide for starting your quail poultry farm for meat and eggs.
The steps to start your farm will be like this. Note, this will be covered in this article. You can navigate between them by clicking any topics on the table of contents above.
Quails are well-known as a miniature bird in the world. The advantage of cultivating these birds at home is very easy for beginners because it is the smallest variety of domestic birds. In addition, This not only makes why starting this farm at any home is very easy but also profitable than the other poultry farm.
Primary Steps- Information: This is the thing you have to learn before starting quail farming.
Second Steps- Setting up: In this step, you have to build a shade for rearing this mini poultry birds. There are three completely different types of housing. So, build an adequate shade depending on rearing method. Here I explain about:-
Third Step- Rearing and Caring: Here, I will share tips about:-
Fourth Step:- Baby Quail Care
Fifth Step - Advance Care For Commercial Quail farm: This step is very important for a commercial farm. Here you will learn about the advance caring tips. This is so important, from my experience it can be said that "In case if you don't perform this, you will be in a lot of troubles."
This will cover:
Finally- Creating a Business Plan: In this section, I will discuss the marketing plan, cost, and profit.
[bctt tweet="Its native residence was in Japan. For the first time, Japanese scientists have invented the way to adopt Quail as a domestic bird." username="farmingmethod"]
Later, in other countries of the world including the USA, Canada, Kania, Zimbabwe, India, and Japan has been identified as a profitable poultry grazing.
You may already know that it is probably the smallest species among the different poultry birds. However, growing them in your house backyard are much like pigeons but do not require such a specific housing.
And there is no need for a large farmhouse like chicken. So you can grow them in a room, which has direct access to air and sunlight.
These birds are well-known as a miniature bird in the world. The advantage of cultivating this birds at home is very large because it is the smallest variety of domestic birds. And, that is one of the reasons why starting a farm at home is extremely easy.
There are many benefits of modern days quail farming, for example-
This is the main reasons why rising quails is becoming very popular worldwide.
Temperature: The suitable temperature of the backyard quail farming is 21 to 32 Celsius (69.8 ° - 89.6 ° Fahrenheit).
But depending on varieties they may sufferer from heat stress at a different temperature. We found that our birds feel comfortable in between 22-25 Celsius.
Light: Quails egg production is very dependent on light. Hence, to get enough number of eggs.
[bctt tweet="There should be 16 hours daily lighting (including daylight) from the ninth week to the quail bird farm." username="farmingmethod"]
Light is a very important thing for any farm. Why?
With a 40-watt bulb, 10.0 square centimeter of space can be illuminated. And we found that the egg production increases in red color light compared to blue color.
Moisture: This bird can easily adapt to 40-70% relative humidity. However, the relative humidity of the house is 55-60% good.
If the relative humidity is higher then their feather will be moist, respiratory problems and increase the chance of fungus. If the relative humidity is less then their feathers will become rough.
There are three different rearing methods. Choose the best one depending on local demand.
According to the purpose, commercial poultry farming can be divided into three groups. Now learn more about each rearing system. And next, build the adequate habitat or cages depending on the raring procedure.
In a layer quail poultry farm, This birds are usually raised for 54-weeks.
Layer Coil Farm is dedicated to egg production. Usually, Japanese Quail from the age of 6-7 weeks and the bobwhite quail at the age of 8-10 weeks start laying eggs.
If the management is accurate, then every Japanese quail lay yearly 250-300 and bobwhite birds lay 150-200 eggs.
Broiler farm is dedicated to meat production.
If you want to produce the soft and delicious meat, the broiler is raised in this procedure. These species are little bigger than layer birds and gain maximum weight quickly.
Although they are dedicated to meat production the average egg production of broiler bird raising is about 150-250 in a year.
But, Farmers do not rise them for that long period of time. average Northern Bobwhite is weighed in at about 170 grams. But Jumbo Coturnix species gains 450 to 460 grams at their adulthood.
This breeder quail lays egg and give birth to new babies. Farms for up to 30 weeks of its age.
The breeding birds used to produce eggs for the production of new babies. The general purpose of this method of grazing is to sell. Some varieties are extremely beautiful. People always like to buy to rear commonly.
Typically it takes 7-8 weeks for Japanese quail and 10-weeks bobwhite quail. And the small varieties like Button Quail are a perfect choice. The ratio of male and female should be kept in pairs (1: 1) on your farm.
Though, this farming is not spread all over the world yet. They have some awesome varieties.
The best varieties for start ranching form beginning are given below. There are more than 140 kinds of them. Here are the most popular and profitable breeds.
Besides them, there are numbers of other species. depending on your need you can farm one or more.
|Species Name||Identification||Time to Mature||Weight (At Adulthood)||Eggs Per Year|
|Japanese quail||Length Range: 17-19 cm
Size: Small (5 - 9 in)
Color Primary: Brown
|5-6 weeks||90 g||250-300|
|Northern Bobwhite||Medium, morphologically variable birds.||8-10 Weeks||179 g||150-200|
|Jumbo Coturnix||The bigger selectively bred Coturnix plus are commonly adopt for meat.||6-7 weeks||450 g||150-220|
|The Texas A&M||Heavily Muscled Coturnix||6-7 weeks||370 g||150-200(App.)|
|Button Quail||Button Quail are small breeder birds.||5 weeks||130 g||100-120|
The size of cages is somewhat different for different from each other. Learn how to build the best habitat for your birds.
Here we will describe the starter cage size and measurement. There are another two types of cages used in commercial quail housekeeping. We will describe them in the relevant sections.
In order to build a house, the following points should be kept in mind.
About 6 birds can be raised in every square foot.
For broiler quails farming method your goal of rearing birds is to sell them as the poultry meat. That is why to gain weight the bird needs to be kept in a smaller space.
|Age||Cage Size||Number of Birds|
|2 Weeks||3 x 2.5 x 1.5 ft.||100|
|3-6 weeks||4 x 2.5 x 1.5 ft.||50|
The primary function of a laying nest is providing isolutation for egg laying quails.
Egg Laying house (egg-laying shade) built separately for each or shared for multiple birds.
Note: Each bird will need approximate 15 cm of personal space in an egg-laying nest.
This is important,
Separate egg laying nest is important in a commercial poultry farming setup. It will prevent them to destroy eggs. Also, egg-laying birds require extra care.
The ultimate checklist before and after for buying quality quails.
There are a number of tools and materials required to handle these organic farms, as follows:
1. Brooder Hover,
2. Heater / Stove,
3. Plastic Tick Feed Tray,
4. Food pots,
5. Water pots,
6. Egg-laying boxes,
7. Electric bulbs,
8. Defaults or balances for taking weight measurements,
9. Buckets, a shovel, spade, bowls, a knife, baskets, peal, tulle, etc.
10. Egg-laying house. Here, this is the boxes for constructing egg laying cage.
11. Bamboo, wood, corrugated, polythene or triple.
12. Thermometer, hypermeter and,
13. Battery or Brooder.
The following are some of the important tools and materials described below
There will be a high-quality food serving dish;
(A) It can easily be filled with foods.
(B) And, easily cleanable.
Water or drunker:
Whether the cage or liters are performed in the same manner, the characteristics of a potter's water pot are as follows:
(A) Birds will get clean water supply from it.
(B) It will be easy for drinking water.
(C) Cleaning will be easy.
(D) Durable and cheaper in price.
To get adequate production from quail farming, each farmer must study the details of farm management.
Even minor negligence or defects is enough for the failure of farms. So, farmers please become extra careful when the following points.
Pain or Stress Removal: Remember this as a result of stress, the production decreases severely and sometimes it can result in even death.
To get good production from your farm, ensure the certainly comfortable environment that they will cherish. I have discussed this later in this article.
Food and water management: Food and water management need to be correct. If they have adequate food and water for each bird, they will relish the food and water.
Egg collection: Collect eggs at least two times a day. In the typical evening at 6: 00-6: 30 and the second night at 9.00 - 9.30.
Egg Storing: It must be stored immediately after the collection of eggs. Reserve temperature and relative humidity are 12.8 ° -15.5 ° C, respectively. (55.0 ° - 59.9 ° F) and 75-80%.
Sexing: After the deletion of a hatchery from the eggs produced by a family or commercially managed farm, it is necessary to have sex or sexual intercourse as soon as possible.
Lip cutting or debeaking: Debeaking is an important factor in quail farm management. Debugging is to remove a certain part of the lip and nails.
Reproducing Baby Quails: There are two different ways that you can hatch quails eggs. One is a natural procedure and the second one is using commercially build quails incubators. We have published a review on the best quails incubator.
One of the benefits of quail celebration is that they are less affected by disease than poultry. But, We are not saying that there are no diseases at all.
They do not have to vaccinate for any disease. The reason behind is, they do not have fatal infections.
Most common diseases of chicken can affect these miniature birds. They can be affected by viruses, bacteria, fungus, microplasma, parasites, malnutrition, management defects, and conceptive problems can lead to various diseases.
Feed them three times a daily, such as 6am, 12-1pm and 7pm
Like other poultry, daily food must contain six nutrients, such as water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals.
All the nutrients require to be supplied for the maximum amount of production from quail farming. Now, learn what to feed and what not feed.
Use this chart to make 5 kg of starter mash using oil to feed 75 time.
On average, every adult bird needs only 8 kg of food per year. You have to provide the exact amount of feeds for them.
To determine, daily required foods for quail farming multiply the weight of the feed with the number of birds.
This chart demonstrates daily needs for a single bird.
|Organic Feed Ingredients||Child Mash (0-3 weeks)||Adult mash|
|Corn||27 g||31 g|
|Sorghum||15 g||14 g|
|Chill without oil||8 g||8 g|
|Wood nutcakes||17 g||17 g|
|Sunflower cake||12.5 g||12.5|
|Soya meals||8 g||–|
|Fish meal||10 g||20 g|
|Mineral mix||2.5 g||2.5g|
|Bite particle||–||5 g|
To get the desired product from the farm, you should take care of the following factors.
In one word, the bed that is used in the quail bards room to make the accommodation comfortable is called litter.
Though, building comfortable bedding is not costly. However, it is very sensitive, which normally affect the production directly.
First, I will provide a guideline to make a bed then it’s proper management process.
Generally, as a litter Rice husk, Wood powder, Paddy or wheat dry, Straw, Wood Stove, Nuts powder, etc. are used.
The role of disinfectant is very important in protecting the health of the harmful and sterile environment in the growth of the quail residence.
Various experiments have shown that no bactericide is functioning alone. So, anyone who uses antibiotics such as heat (sunlight), coal-tas-derivatives, chlorine, formaldehyde, copper sulfate, etc. should be used.
500 female can gives birth to 1500-2000 quails.
At the age of 7-9th week, they started laying eggs. In that time, normally 60-70% female quail lay eggs.
For the laying eggs, keep the male and female quails together at 8-10 weeks of age male. And maintain a ratio of male birds: female birds at the of 1: 5. That means, for every male, there will be five female.
They generally occupy 18 days on eggs in hatching and give birth to baby quails.
Newborn babies are extremely weak and vulnerable to diseases. So, you have to ensure a healthier hatching case.
To ensure the healthier environment in hatching, spray good and effective bacterial spray immediately after scattering fresh litter material. However, perform this 2-3 day before moving the child into the brooder.
One-day-old children are usually raised in to of a brooder. That ensure the right temperature, light for them.
The brooder has a heat source, such as an electric heater, electric bulb, kerosene lamp, chaff-wood or coal lamp, light lamps or infrared bulb. But infrared bulbs are the most scientific.
Inside, the brooder builds a 15cm round fence, so that the kids can properly take food and water inside the brooder and stay in one place.
This circular ring called Chik Guard. It can be made with tin, tea, hardboard or thick paper.
All kinds of brooding make for layers or broiler are similar. During breeding, be aware of the following. For example,
In order to make an artificial brooding. If you and want to make brooder the following machines will be required.
If it demands more than three hours for the transferal, then mix glucose with some melon or boiling green pepper pieces. And spread it in the box. That will protect the child from the water disorders.
Now, after starting a quail farm for commercial purposes the next thing you have to carate is the business plan.
However, if you follow all the steps we mentioned here, we will start an organic farm. Because it is too easy to maintain this farm organically and there is no other alternative.
There are several benefits of producing an organic product. In this cultivation, it opens a broad area of consumer affection. So there will be noticeable demand in your locality.
So, create an appropriate business plan and keep this points when creating a policy.
But you know every local or small-scale business involves some common difficulties. The challenge for you will be Marketing. Let's determine that in the marketing plan for quail farming.
Retailing is a very critical part of a wealthy quail bird farming business. So, the first step you need to make is finding out the demand in the marketplace. Generally, the eggs have more demand then meats.
First, Try to determine the demands of quail products in your local market.
Now, without concerning immeasurable marketing abilities, you will not be capable to make the most profit from your business.
Raising quail is easy,
Firstly, This poultry birds are very cute and the eggs look different also beautiful too. By the way when you are a newest farmer. You can asking your relatives and friends for help. Social media is one other place to hang on. Meet the people in your area. And, tell them the benefits of eggs and meat by placing posters around your area.
Note: Inform the people about your products and ask them to tell others.
Now, you can also distribute leaflets. And, you don’t have to bother much about marketing again when your farm will be popular. Here, This may take time but do not skip this.
Final Words: Thanks! If you like this article please share. And, do you have any other questions about quail farming ask us in the comment below.