Grain For Goats: Everything You Need to Know

Typical goat rations include forages, hay, pellets of alfalfa, barley, peas screenings, whole, split, and grains like maize, oats, and distilled grains.

Grains like wheat, corn, barley, soybean, canola, and cottonseed feeds are staples of goat diets.

While feeding grain can be beneficial it can be risky too. Grain feeding is one controversial subject among goat and sheep farmers. The decisions should be based on the nutritional demands of the animals as well as the economics of including grain in the feed.

The aim of feeding livestock is to encourage animals to graze on grass, but this is not always realistic. Small livestock needs to eat supplements to substitute nutrients that aren’t found in forages.

can goats eat grain?

Yes, goats can eat grain, but not all types of grain are good for them. The best grain for goats is a high-quality, nutritious grain that is free of toxins and chemicals.

Goats are sensitive to changes in diet and nutrition. In the cold months, when forage is scarce, goats need a source of nutritious feed.

Grain may be an excellent source for goats, but only if it proves to be palatable. Goats eat a lot and they can eat large quantities of poor-quality grain, ingesting too many calories and causing excessive weight gain.

However, if goats are fed high-quality grain at short intervals, they can obtain adequate nutrients without gaining excessive weight.

Does Goat need Grain?

No, goats do not need grain. They don’t need grain to survive. A goat’s natural food consists of leaves and grass. However, Grains can help pregnant or mother goats get more vitamins and minerals, as well as a boost in protein – up to 16 percent more.

Whole grain is superior to pelleted or mash feeds in terms of growth rate and feed efficiency, according to research. A Canadian study showed that whole grain can lead to a 25% increase in feed intake, a 20% higher growth rate, and 10% improved feed efficiency.

Now, too much grain can be harmful to goats. But, It takes a lot of energy to produce milk or grow muscle, so it’s important to make sure you provide the right amount of Grain.

is grain good for goats?

Grain has no negative effects on the rumen, and may actually reduce the risk of overeating illness. Additionally, research suggests that whole grain is superior to pellets when forage is provided alongside the grain, in terms of feed intake and forage utilization.

Another Canadian study found that while whole corn may lead to slightly faster and more efficient gains, its value is no greater than that of barley or wheat.

This is because the advantage of higher energy is offset by its lower protein content. Both barley and wheat have produced similar results, with perhaps a slight advantage for wheat. So, farmers feed their goats with grain to gain weight.

The winter storage of rutabagas, beets, parsnips, and carrots can provide a significant boost to goats. Even with alternative choices available, most owners find that they need to feed their goats at least some grain at certain times during the winter.

How much grain should a goat eat per day?

A goat’s diet depends on its age and breed. If you are feeding your goat grain as part of a balanced diet, offer it to them in small amounts several times a day.

Do not overfeed your goat’s grain; as an absolute maximum, adults will only need 1 ½ pounds a day. While the Kids require significantly less grain – around ½ a cup will suffice.

If adequate pasture is available, foraging should form the bulk of the diet, as this is where goats gain the majority of their nutrition.

Types of Grain Feed for Buck and Doe

Types of GrainDetails
Whole grainsNatural, unprocessed whole grains – free from additives.
Rolled grainsRolled grains are just like whole grains except they’ve been rolled – goats love this type of grain.
Texturized grainsThey include additional nutrients – such as sweet feed.
Pelleted grainsThere is disagreement among those who own goats as to whether or not pelletized grains should be given. Avoid pelleted grains if not medicated.

Best Grain For Goats

Goat eating corn

There are many types of grain that can be fed to goats, but not all grains are created equal. Some grains are better for goats than others, and it is important to know which grains are the best for goats before you start feeding them to your herd.

Here is a list of the best grain for goats:

  1. Oats
  2. Corn
  3. Barley
  4. Wheat

Oats, barley, wheat, rye, and triticale are all excellent grains for goats. They are all high in fiber and protein, and they will help


Oats are a type of cereal grain from the Poaceae grass family. The grain specifically refers to the edible seeds of oat grass.

A well-balanced diet for goats includes both alfalfa and oats. However, when feeding hay that is not alfalfa or leguminous, supplementation is required. Oats are a tasty grain that can be fed in large amounts without causing any harm to the animal’s health. To maximize their use, feed them rolled or ground.


Cracked or ground corn can be especially helpful for older animals who have trouble chewing hard grain kernels. It is also helpful when feeding young kids.

While a small amount of corn is healthy for goats, too much maize can cause the development of urinary calculi in bucks.


There are many different types of grain that can be used for livestock feed, but barley is one of the best options.

Barley is a short-grained seed that is related to wheat, and it is packed with nutrients that are essential for goats. Barley contains niacin, fiber, phosphorus, and vitamin B12, all of which are necessary for goats to maintain their health.

Barley is a nutritious grain for dairy goats, providing around 95% of the calories of maize and being richer in fiber. To get the most out of barley, it should be ground or rolled. Barley is a highly variable grain in terms of its feed value, with protein content ranging from 7% to 13%. Despite this, it is still a nutritious grain for dairy goats.


Wheat is a good source of carbohydrates and can help keep your goat’s energy up. However, you should only feed your goat wheat if it is fresh and hasn’t been sitting around for a while. Otherwise, the wheat can go bad and make your goat sick.

You should be careful with how you feed them wheat because uncooked wheat grains can make them bloat Feed little amounts of finely milled wheat. Fine grinding speeds up digestion and raises acidity in the rumen.

Leave a Comment