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7 steps to start goat farming business for profit

Published By Adam Travis Last Modified: 
July 30, 2019

The goat has been rearing since ancient times. Generally, goat farming means rearing them for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat, and fiber. Nowadays goat farming has become a profitable business and it requires a very low investment because of its multi-functional utility.

Starting a goat farm for a successful farming business involves 7 steps. It starts like this, first and the foremost important thing is choosing a breed to consider. Next, providing the right environment like location, shelter depending on their behavior. However, keeping the feed and minerals balanced to let you make a sustainable profit. Let's dig deep and find out how you will start when you are a complete beginner in livestock farming. Besides, A proper raising technique can save your time and money.

Commercial goat farming business is contributing greatly to the economy and nutrition of some countries. But, goat farming becomes popular worldwide. The number of farmer increases rapidly.

Start your goat farming business in 7 steps:

Goat farming is a very ancient occupation. People usually raising them for milk, meat and sell as a pet. The following  7 basic steps will help you to goat farming for profit. If you are getting interested in goat raising you should know about the benefits of goat farming. Goat farming is not a new business. It is profitable as well as a sustainable business. But before we dig into the actual article lets learn about benefits.

Start your goat farming business in 7 steps

start your goat farming business in 7 steps

You Should Know

Benefits of goat farming:

As goat growing place an important role in economic growth and meet the nutrition demand of the country it has some other benefits which you should know.

  • Compare to other livestock farming goat raising doesn't require massive investment. You don't have given much effort to Goat farming.
  • Usually, they are multiplied very fast by breeding which helps you to not to buy goats in the future.
  • The most beneficial part of goat farming is its food, goats are eating almost everything. Goat eats all kind of grass including weeds.
  • Goats also help us to destroy the natural weed and produce natural manure. Which is used in organic farming and by selling this fertilizer you can earn extra income as well.
  • As goat is a low maintenance animal so you have to give less effort to raising goat then other animals.

You may also like to read: How to start a cattle farm for organic beef.

You probably know that there are a ton of benefits. Here we tried to compare goat rearing with other livestock farmings. Now let's go to the first step of 7 steps of starting goat farming business. We will suggest you, to make notes and create a business plan (how you will profit). Creating a plan will help you measure your success day by day.

Steps To Start Goat Farming:

In order to start a farm, there will be some challenges and difficulties. You need to identify those before you start.

Domestic Animal farming is one of the most profitable business. If significant actions have implemented by a farmer in the proper way with a perfect plan.
At the present situation, a statistical Survey has shown that the total population of Goat is approximately 511.83 million. Which is possible only because of the well farming process and comparatively.


They are more favorites r than other livestock. Moreover, Goat farming is one of the most important and benefited than other domestic animal farming.

Obviously, there are some pre-take steps that will solve or omits most of the obstacles. Later, we will discuss that. Now let's learn, the common problem you will face during this...

  • Growing and Gaining Weights,
  • Diseases,
  • Food and Shelter Related,
  • Managing and caring.

Heres the list of steps to start- 

  1.  Picking a profitable goat's breeds
  2.  Choosing A location
  3. Shade
  4. Isolate the area with fences
  5. Feeding type: Food & water selection
  6. Learn goat behavior and lifestyle
  7. Understand & knowledge about Breeding and maturity

1. Choosing your goat breeds:

Depending on your motive of goat farming you must choose the right goat breeds for your farm. Typically, peoples are raising goats for the following reasons. For the purpose of Starting farming which based on Goat or Sheep first and foremost important things are to selection process and methods in different stages.


Why do you like to raise goats?

After selecting your reason. Go to the nearest government livestock association to get information about profitable goats breeds.

  1.  Raising goat for milk,
  2. Raising goat for meat,
  3. Raising goat for hair,
  4. Raising goat for sale as pets.

It’s really quite important especially for beginners who want to start initially and farmers should select bulky type goat. So after observing some information Boer goat is ideal for any farmers. It’s actually originated from South Africa but in India, it can be found. At the first level, 2 goat is enough for 100 female goats. A male goat has to be 105 Kg and most important part this type of Goat has produced huge meat which much more profitable compared with another type of goat.

However,  after observing all the circumstance Boer goat is quite well for those farmers who want to start farming of goat and pure blood is also available in the Asian country.  Nigerian Dwarf goat can be a good selection for you,

Depending on the above criteria there are a variety of breeds exist. We will discuss this later in our articles.

2. Choosing a location:

As goats usually love to grow within a group, space and location selection for goat farming should be on top of your list. Goats will get significant benefits from open spaces where they will have the ability to roam around so make sure that you will choose that space with the above facility.

If you chose an area far away from the city it will help your goats to not affected by pollution. Also, you should check the permission or license related issue of your local government before you set up your goat farm. While selecting a farm area you should ensure this-

  • Clean and dry surface,  mud floor is appropriate except where high rainfall/snow is observed.
  • Tranquil and open area.
  • Water and food availability etc.
  • The thing goat like is rain and cold. Keep them in worm and well-built places.
choosing the place for your goat farm

choosing the place for your goat farm

3. Goat farming shed (housing) structure:

Generally, goats are moderately strong creatures, they do appear to have a disgust for rain. It will be highly recommended to keep them out of cold winds if at all possible. A homely shelter for them to escape is a must when the climate forces.

For Primitive level, it is absolutely relevant, how to define a perfect budget?

The different character has a distinctive plan but few budgets are really fruitful for every beginner who wants to open a grazing business.

Primary Shade Size: 

  • If someone wants to open up at a professional level than 25 feet *30 feet (length and width) would be the best place for 125 to 200 goats.
  • You will need to divide goats in different rooms depending on there age and behavior
  • For a profit-driven farm within this area, at least 7 compartments are helpful the perfect growing process.
  • Though, you can reduce the number into 4 compartments.

Promptly a simple question could arise and that is Why I suggest 7 compartments?

Because each compartment has defined for different types of level of maturity. You may have seven different compartments for

  1. Male (bucks),
  2. Teenager,
  3. matured female or does,
  4. Weak or ill care compartment,
  5. Breeding
  6. Kids
  7. Food serving

But, if you start with a small (below 10 goats) setup, Food serving, Breeding, Weak ill place need to be separate. Because you will have less weak or ill goats. Besides, it can also be used as the bucks or teenage or most growing time caring cell. Nevertheless, you can also use the breeding section for smalls kids.

However, if you want to start a large setup, will need all 7 compartments.

Shedding  materials:

Your goats will also desire a peaceful area to go when a birth is approaching. Covering a shed with straw, hay, wood chips, or sawdust is essential for depositing the goat farm clean and mucking out.

Besides, a regular mucking out of all dirty areas is effective for preventing the maximum of the diseases. The popular shade types are- General flock shed (Ewe / Doe shed), Attendant's room, Ram or buck shed, Lamb or kid shed,  Shearing and storeroom, Lambing or kidding shed, Sick animal shed.Goat farming shed (housing) structure

The shade should be made by tin and fence of all compartments should be made by steel because it can survive at least 15 years.

4. Isolate the area with fences:

Fencing the area

Fencing the area

This is the most serious issue that the majority experience with goats.

They can escape specialists. Particularly if there is any forage, grass, or food visible on the other side of the fence.

There are numerous choices for fencing, depending on your accessible space.

The sort of wall that you require is additionally subject to the measure of the goats you are planning for rising. For example, the Dwarf goats, would not be kept in by strings of the barbed cable while generous bucks before-mentioned as Nubians or La Manchas will.

5. Feeding type: Food & water selection

Like other animals, goats need easy access to clean water. Besides that, they eat a lot of things but it is a myth that they eat everything. You should keep in your mind these two aspects before you planning to start a goat farm. We have a dedicated article on this before beginning a goat farm have some knowledge about Goats Feed List: What do Goats Eats and don’t eat.

  • The feeding process is a really crucial part. Basically, four times a day would be ideal time which helps to gain proper muscle of goat and place of food serving should minimum 1.5 inches higher from the main floor.
  • On the other hand during feeding, food should be used in a proper way.
  • Supplementary food also helps to gain more weight but for beginner, farmers should use natural food which helps to work as a cure of many diseases and also not so much costly but it takes a little bit of time for gaining weight than feeding supplementary food but feeding process is a little bit different for pregnant Goats.

As goats eat almost everything you should ensure that there is no harmful plants or poisonous vines in your goat farm. Primarily, the food management suggests giving food for the usual and desired growth in several ages and in different seasons.

There are different types of food are known as an ideal food for goats which are given below:

  • Oats, crash corns and the black seed of sunflower are best mixes and natural process to make weight.
  • Cause it contains so much protein, fiber, carbo hydride, oils, and other important things.
  • Which help to get a healthy body. It also helps to quick digest in a proper way.
  • Barley and field pea could be ideal food but two of that thing should soak at least two days.
  • Then it will ready as food and other livestock grasses know them as the best food for goat.
  • Even minerals are a vital element for Goats, especially for female’s goat.
  • It's also getting from natural sources by a different type of Foods and that sources will discuss in another chapter Link with elaborately.

6. Understanding the goat's behavior

There are two types of goats:

  1. Understanding the goat's behavior

    goat's behavior

    Domestic goats (Capra hircus)-  grown as indoor farm animals; and,

  2. Mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus), grow freely as steep, Places like American Northwest is suitable for them.

Here is some tip to understand your goats more: 

  • Goats are aggressive especially the bulks.
  • Aggressiveness is related to its horn structure and size.
  • Goats are a very social animal, they love humans around.
  • Goats can be grown as an indoor pet.
  • Mother goats can identify their kids with eyesight and sound. (It develop  within 4 hours of giving birth).
  • Scent but the significant way through which adults and their newborn acquire a bond.

If you are interested to learn more visit: goat behavior.

7. Understand & knowledge about Breeding and maturity.

Every farmer should have the least amount of knowledge about breeding maturity of goats.

7 month is suitable for breeding but the weight should be maintained from 100 to 105 pound but 1 year is an ideal time for breeding. Usually, 3 will get in two years naturally.

During gestation pregnant does need 150 days (approx.) to give birth. Normally, 2 seasons are available for breeding that is April and August and pick-time from October to January.

Within moments of being born, kids are up and walking around. They normally reduce the dependency on mothers milk in between 2 months. At the age of two to four months separate the kids from the mother into the teenage compartment.

Out of the season can happen it's quite different. However, sometimes hormone should use for increasing breeding season according to doctor’s consultant.

Bonus: Access to veterinary services [Reduce the Risk!!]:

The last thing but not least important factor you must be considered the easy access to veterinary service. We recommend you to gather a piece of vast knowledge about veterinary or hire the expertise of a trusted veterinarian. It is worthy to admit an experienced veterinarian as a pivotal person in your goat-farm.

Try to learn the basics of goat care, feeds, and diseases.

If you desire to be prepared to raise fabulous and healthy bucks on a farm. Particularly if you want to make a profit off them. Follow the veterinarian's guidance on what types of feed and appendices. You need to secure goats so that they will always be at the peak of health.

At Last:

There are some risk factors in every livestock business. But if you are determined to be a farmer and are planning to start with livestock within a low budget. Then we highly recommend you to start with goat farm and start raising with two.  We will briefly discuss the risk factors of goat farming in our next post. Until that stay tuned.

A die heart farmer. Loves farming and growing various things in his backyard. He is one of the founder member of Farming Method- The Modern Farmers Blog.

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71 comments on “7 steps to start goat farming business for profit”

    1. Thanks! for reaching out. We will be glad to help you.

      If you have any query about goat farming feel free to ask here.

    1. In India there are many.

      Here are the best ones,

      1. Jamnapari (Both milk and meat)
      2. Barbari (Both)
      3. Boer Goat (meat)
      4. Osmanabadi (Meat)
      5. Surti (Dairy)

  1. Hi, the article is very well written and the ideas you have mentioned are really great. Thanks a lot for sharing awesome content

  2. This is quite enlightening. I intend to start a Goat Farming Business after my retirement.
    The information provided here would be handy.
    Thanks for sharing this piece.

    1. This is owesome I have always dreamed of this business and thank God I finally got the answer, thanks a lot.

    1. G8 information.We r interested in Beetal breed for meat.Kindly let us know if it is ok for himachal pradesh and how fast they litter.Thanks

  3. Thank you for the information Adam. I am starting to like goat farming and your article was really helpful.

  4. Learnt a lot. Thank you for the insight.

    Planning to start one here in Kenya.

    Will reach out for more insight

  5. Am interested in goat farming. surely this article has inspired me.
    Looking forward to receiving more of this nature and mentorship.

  6. Wonderful, Comprehensive insights ; Bravo

    I am in Eswatini what breed is best suited for this country in and around the Lubombo area ???

  7. you are really inspiring.. I wish to start goats and sheep farming in Botswana.. I hope you information will help me establish a goat farm where I want to practise zero grazing.

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