Nowadays tilapia is one of the most popular fish to cultivate. Form the ancient age, people grow tilapia fish on their farm. This farming is known as a commercially successful business. As like grass carp farming this farming can change your fate. There are several methods to cultivate this fish. Here we tried to focus on the most beneficial process which will improve its productivity.
- How to start tilapia fish farm:
- Everything you need to know to grow tilapia [Guide]:
- Primary Cost: starting a small-scale business – Aquaculture tilapia farming
- Feeding methods
- The proper Types of cultivation methods:
- Catching / Harvesting [ How & When]
How to start tilapia fish farm:
To begin with, it is necessary to have an adequate design of the ponds or tanks. This allows the efficient management of water. In this farm, there should be drainage for harvesting and maintenance of the fish container. The quality of the feed will allow the fish culture to grow well.
The culture of tilapia is currently very profitable Business. There are two types of breeding that are the most important: intensive and hyperactive intensive. We discuss the whole process below.
Best tilapia species:
Tilapia can be discovered in lakes, ponds, marine habitats, water courses, estuaries, and seafaring conditions. They favor tropic conditions with water temperatures in the 25-30 ºC range. Some varieties can tolerate cold colds down to 8 or 9 ºC.
|Name||Short Description||Reason/ Whether|
|Nile Tilapia||The ancient species from Egypt. After five to seven months at approximately 1-2 pounds.||Anywhere,|
Water type: Fresh lake water.
|Blue Tilapia||Gain 2-4 pounds in a year.||Northern Africa and the Middle East, USA, Part of Asia. Grow in cold temperature also|
Water: Fresh and Saltwater
|Mozambique Tilapia||Can reach over 2 pounds in a year.||Can’t grow in cold or salty water.|
|Andersonii||The best-tasting species with a small head.||Suitable for cool-water culture.|
|“Abbassa’ and ‘Akosomb’||Hybrid from Nile Tilapia||Grow 30% faster.|
|Rendalli||Largely herbivorous||Attractive for the aquaponics industry.|
|Monosex Tilapia||Hybrid. Grow very first in the pond for twice a year.||India, Bangladesh, South Africa, USA|
Everything you need to know to grow tilapia [Guide]:
The basic and advanced things you need to know before starting to harvesting is pointed down. Learning about this will help you to be a successful tilapia fish farmer. We try to discuss all the materials you will need to acknowledge. Let’s start…
Where to Grow tilapia fish?
Grow tilapia fish possible in a variety of conditions, including fish ponds, cages, raceways, and tanks. Residential producers have even started growing them in trash cans.
But if you like to grow tilapia fish for profit you need set of ponds or tanks. Depending on your budget it could vary from 8 to 12 tanks or even more.
How fast tilapia grows:
It takes about eight months which is thirty-two to thirty-four weeks to reach 450-600 grams. Though, the organic farming depends on many factors like food, weather, and care.
Ensure the quality of Water and nutrients:
Water is one of the most important things. As you know tilapia can survive in dirty water. You don’t want to produce poisonous fish in your firm. Bacteria, viruses, pathogens and other infectious organisms are harmful to human body. So it will be wise to provide fresh water to your pond or tanks.
What’s about nutrients:
General Food Cart for Tilapia. Divide the total amount of food needed with serving time. Make sure you don’t waste any feed.
|Assumed-size of fish||Amount of Feed per day /per fish||Approximate Time after stoking||Times a Day|
|5-40 g||1g||1-2 month||3-4|
|100-400g||3-4 g/fish||3-5 month||3|
|400+||4-5 g/fish||5 months +||3|
Tilapia pond design [Make circular Container]:
In an ideal farm model, you require eight circular ponds/ tank. In the cultivation systems, there are two types of aeration. These are vertical and the horizontal. The first vertical creation goes from the bottom to the surface. This type of aeration gives us by an apparatus. That is aquaculture called blower. This system used in the first stages of cultivation.
Since you see the fish until they weigh 45 grams. This stage can store 180 to 200 tilapia fishes per cubic meter of water. It is representing 14 to 16 thousand tilapia fishes per pound. This weight he will require two additional tanks to the first one. In the second stage, between 85 and 100 animals handled per cubic meter. This is where the horizontal aeration type is required.
Note: Circular tank pond is recommended, not essential.
Divide the container for better production:
For the commercial cultivation, this is essential to ensure the fastest growth of tilapia. If you have eight containers, with four them, you could have a constant, uninterrupted production. We would be showing approximately every month. This is a half in one pond/tank then another month and a half in another and so on. If at any given time, a larger project sought. The number of them can increase.
However, it is in multiples of four. In tilapia, farming system, the fish depends entirely on feed. In this system, you do not need external aeration systems. Only an efficient water exchange when required. A very important point is that in any of the two farming systems. It is very important to have a monosexual tilapia. Therefore, there is an unwanted reproduction. Since the tilapia is very early and after two months. They begin to reproduce and could leave the producer far from profitability.
Standard tilapia fish tank/ pond size:
Now, in a pond should be of 20 by 40 meters. The standard size is 800 square meters. The depth that we are going to have is 1 meter 20 centimeters. It represents 960 cubic meters of water.
If we handled 10 tilapia per cubic meter, 9600 fish would be stored in this pond. The most important when growing tilapia fish is the balanced feed. It estimated that 1.7 kilograms of food would give to harvest a kilogram of meat. It is important to know the ideal weight of harvested tilapia is 500-600 grams. In the standard pond, we estimate to produce 4800 kg. That means the total of 9600 of tilapia that are, 4800-5500 kilograms of product.
Note: The the adult tilapia fish weight is in between 1kg-4 kg. To achieve adulthood it requires 2-3 yr naturally.
Primary Cost: starting a small-scale business – Aquaculture tilapia farming
This small-scale or bigger business depends on the production system. If it is floating fish cultivation, it requires a lower investment. The cost of the building calculates one hectare in a floating area. The production capacity for 20 tons of Tilapia the cost per year corresponds to 5 thousand dollars.
A floating cage for continental water conditions of 20 meters in diameter. Three in-depth has a cost of 4 thousand dollars. It produces 60 tons of biomass per year. That the distribution of the cost as follows: 55% for a balanced feed, 8% for fingerlings and 37% for production and administrative costs.
Homemade organic tilapia feed:
To grow tilapia fish you either buy feeds from the local market or made feeds in your house. As they eat frequently everything. Homemade pellets are one of the best for feeding. It made with Rice Bran, Corn, Oat Groats, Canola Meal, Alfalfa Meal, or Linseed Meal, along with vegetables.
You can give those feed directly in your tank. It will damage the water very quickly. So we suggest buying feeds for tilapia until they are 4 months old.
The average survival of the fish determined in 99%. The growth of tilapia fish around 960 grams per organism. To achieve this result, the researchers modified the way of feeding the organisms. The amount of food determined by the percentage of biomass. Our recommendation is giving a balanced feed to the fish. This should be floating composed. It is mainly of flours of vegetable origin. It can be soy, corn and wheat-soybean oil and fish, vitamins and minerals.
This is the deal:
As the fish increase in size, the level of protein in the food decreases. This is going from 38% for small fish, to 24% for commercial size fish. For an entrepreneur, the best seasons of harvest and Commercialize are Lent and Holy Week. Aquaculture production should increase by 40% by 2030. The innovations in genetic improvement outlined. In this workshop is an important step towards achieving these ambitious objectives.
Make Appropriate Food ratio
There are several types of balanced foods. That used during the cultivation. The initiating food is the most expensive. It is close to 20 pesos per kilo. The rest of the food consumed costs around 10 pesos. Therefore, the average price during the whole tilapia is 12.50. Another cost is that of the animal, depending on the laboratories. That sell them it can vary from 60 to 75 cents per fish.
Estimated feed required:
The most important matter to grow tilapia fish is the balanced feed. It estimated that about 1.7 kilograms of food produce a kilogram of meat. For every hundred tilapia it needs 170kg feed. It theoretically, standard 100 fish weight is about 50-55kg.
The proper Types of cultivation methods:
Every producer should consider the basic principles of aquaculture quantity, quality, and continuity of water. We will see what is required of water to use in each pond. Know if all time you have the same quantity and quality in the water. Once you say with the quantity is with the continuity of the water. You can proceed to install your hatchery. There are five ways to grow tilapia: extensive, semi-intensive, intensive, hyper-intensive and industrial. There is profitability is in intensive and hyperactive intensive crops. The difference between these two systems one made in a land pond. Above all the other is in a pond of material.
The intensive, the biologist mentions that with a pond on land. There have to be at least four pounds of approximately 20 meters by 40. This shape is with rectangular to grow tilapia fish. Another key point each one should have a slope. The floor should have a slope with an entrance and an exit separately. Stresses in this type of crop can handle 10 to 15 animals per cubic meter. It is to have the generalities mentioned.
Intensive Hyperactive Cultivation
The second method profitably is the hyperactive intensive. Here the ponds are circular. The system consists of a circular pond with a conical bottom. The ponds have a drain in the center. You should prepare ponds properly. Commercially there are four sizes of ponds. The ideal is that which has 9.40 meters in diameter. It holds about 80 cubic meters of water. These ponds cost between $ 1200 and $1300.
A great advantage is in the two profitable breeding systems. That only one person needed to manage them. It requires monitoring the temperature, oxygen levels. This need to concentration levels of ammonia in the system. There are commercial companies that sell this basic equipment. We want to recover the contained nutrients. This is to implement in the hydroponic culture. This phase of the investigation we have just started.
Most Production of tilapia:
The majority of Tilapia production is concentrated in the Colombia Dam. This is a department of Huila. Their production reaches 35,000 tons per year. The second order is the Villavicencio area. The rest of the production atomized in the other regions of the country. It corresponds to the first marine species grow in Colombia. This crop made in floating cages in the open sea. It expected to harvest about 400 tons this year. Export fresh to the United States market.
Catching / Harvesting [ How & When]
Tips to grow tilapia fish faster and improve productivity:
- When the fish reach 180 or 200 grams. Divide the fish into different pounds. In this time fish requires more space to move.
- You can repeat the same process when they are about 300 grams. In the end, to grow tilapia you will need eight ponds.
- A diet adjustment is needed after two of those above steps. This is crucial for improving productivity.
- When they gain weight about 400g put them into the separate tanks.
Catching fish for sale:
If you grow tilapia fish, you will notices that they grow very first. That’s why raising them is profitable.
- Catching them for sale starts when they become 400g.
- But we recommend Harvesting them when they become 500g. Because people found it more profitable.
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