Fertilizers are nutrients supplied to crops to increase productivity. These are used daily by farmers for cultivation. The fertilizer contains the essential nutrients that plants need, including nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous.
They improve the water holding capacity of the soil and also increase fertility. Whether it is a small garden with flowers and plants or a large garden with thousands of hectares of crops, a wide range of fertilizers has been developed to help grow different crops in different terrains and weather conditions.
Organic soil adamant is referred to as materials used as fertilizers that occur regularly in nature, generally as a by-product or end product of a natural process. These are free from external chemical contamination in the laboratory.
Organic plant foods are also called "organic manure". Like other fertilizers, organic mulches, manure or composts, also provide the top three macronutrients for the soil, but organically and safely.
Organic animal manure is prepared by a natural process, such as storage, composting, and other inexpensive procedures. The most important and interesting of organic fertilizers is that they are 100% ecological and free of toxicity.
There are several types of organic plant feeds. They are different because of their sources. Its sources are as follows;
The animal source is one of the main sources from which organic fertilizers are socially and commercially prepared. Dead animals, mollusks, chicken dishes, fish emulsions, blood meal, other parts of slaughtered animals, bones, feathers, horns, etc. Dead animals contribute mainly to this sector.
This animal waste is transformed into compost in various ways. Some are left to decompose directly (blood meal, fish emulsion, etc.), others are dried and then ground to model the fertilizer (bones, feathers, horns, etc.), others are directly applicable in the field (cow dung), chicken coop, etc. After a certain period of decomposition, drying, and crushing, animal waste can be used as a compost.
The plant source is a very reliable source of organic composts. Since there are a large number of small plants available around us, it is an easy and very profitable fertilization technique for farmers. Almost all types of green plants can be used to prepare this type of compost.
This fertilizer is prepared by the decomposition process. Plants harvested for compost production are stored in a specific location and can decompose. Once decomposed, compound fertilizer is created when plants mix with heat and moisture. It is a simple and easy way to prepare cheap but very effective organic composts.
Sewage sludge is not directly applicable in the field as a compost or manure. It is generally contaminated and can have harmful effects on crops. But treated sewage sludge is an excellent source of fertilizer. Sewage sludge, also called biosolids, is treated, mixed, composted, and sometimes dewatered until it is considered biologically safe.
So, you know the basics of vegetable garden fertilizer. Now that you understand what your plants need, how can you get it to them?
If you’ve made the decision to use solely organic manure, you will need to do a little mixing and matching to give your plants all the nutrients they will need. As a caution, most organic composts are not pH-neutral. You will need to test your soil to make sure you are not making it too acidic or alkaline for your plants. Here is a quick guide to organic fertilizers.
Blood meal is a byproduct of the meat industry and a good source of nitrogen for plants. It is what it sounds like, the dried, powdered blood of animals. It’s around 12-14% nitrogen and can be used as a compost by sprinkling it on the soil. It will have an acidic effect on the soil. Note: blood meal is a very fast-acting organic fertilizer, and the effects won’t last very long. If you apply too much at once, the nitrogen can burn the plants. Don’t overuse.
Bone meal, like blood meal, is produced by the meat industry. Bones are sterilized and ground up. Bone meal has some nitrogen, but it is mainly a source for phosphorus and calcium. Bone meal is slow-release and should be worked into the soil before planting. You can add more once your vegetables start to set fruit for an extra boost.
Fish emulsion is made from waste fish products. It is a source of nitrogen, though it contains all three major nutrients in varied balances. It can be very smelly but is not as hard on plants as a blood meal. If you have tender plants, fish emulsion may be safer than a blood meal. It is fast-acting. Recently we have reviewed the trading fish fertilizer by Alaska.
Liquid seaweed is a source of nitrogen and potassium, but more importantly, it contains many of the micronutrients plants need to thrive. Regular applications will help your plants thrive. With such low N-P-K levels, you can add it to almost every watering and not need to worry about micronutrient levels.
Perhaps predictably, rock phosphate is a rock that is high in phosphorus. Its phosphorus is not as accessible to plants as some, but this makes it useful for container gardening: it is very slow-release, and can be mixed into the soil at the beginning of the season.
Greensand is a kind of sand that is not green but is a good source of potassium and micronutrients. It also helps keep the soil loose, which is useful for containers where you won’t have as many insects in the soil to aerate it.
Inorganic plant feeds, also called fertilizers, are artificially produced and contain synthetic minerals or chemicals. For example. Synthetic nitrogen fertilizers are generally produced from petroleum or natural gas. Phosphorous, potassium, and other trace elements in inorganic fertilizers are often extracted from the soil.
Inorganic or chemicals plant feeds are available in a variety of forms, such as dry, liquid, slow-release, granular, and soluble solutions. Inorganic fertilizers provide plants with clear nutrients and release nutrients quickly, allowing plants to absorb nutrients as quickly as possible.
There are several types of fertilizers. Unlike organic composts, the inorganic substance does not provide the essential nutrients in a single type of fertilizer.
Specific plant foods are applied to provide specific nutrition. Such as, to provide nutrition for nitrogen, one type is used. Whereas another type of fertilizer is used to provide nutrition for calcium. Due to the need for increased nutrition, inorganic or synthetics fall into three main categories. They are :
Nitrogen is an important part of some of the most important plant substances. For example, nitrogen compounds represent 40 to 50% of the dry matter in the protoplasm and are a component of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins.
All organisms use the ammonia (NH3) form of nitrogen to produce amino acids, proteins, nucleic acids, and other vital components of nitrogen. Nitrogen is necessary for the cellular synthesis of enzymes, proteins, chlorophyll, DNA, and RNA, and is therefore important in plant growth and food and feed production.
Generally, Nitrogen represents around 4% of the dry weight of the vegetal substance. An insufficient supply of available N generally causes slow-growing plants, reduced protein content, low yields of low-quality products, and inefficient use of water. The nitrogen source used in fertilizers is multiple. They contain:
While almost 80% of Earth's atmosphere is made of nitrogen, it is chemically and biologically useless in that way. However, using a method called the Haber-Bosch process, nitrogen is captured from the air and converted into a form that can be used in growing plants.
NH3 is a pressurized liquid in the storage tank. If applied directly to the floor, it immediately turns into steam. Ammonia is always placed at least 10 to 20 centimeters below the Earth's surface to avoid the loss of steam in the atmosphere.
Phosphate fertilizer more concentrated. It is perfect for any agricultural crop to provide complete phosphorus nutrition through crop growth and development, as well as an initial dose of nitrogen and low sulfur content.
It can be used for plowing in the fall and for pre-sowing and planting in the spring. Dissolved in the soil temporarily alkalinizes the pH of the soil solution around the fertilizer tablet and therefore encourages better absorption of phosphorus from the fertilizer in acidic soils.
Ammonium nitrate is an odorless, almost colorless crystalline salt. The use of ammonium nitrate in large gardens and agricultural areas improves plant growth and ensures a clear supply of nitrogen from which plants can extract.
Due to its porosity and solubility, fertilizer is a form of nitrogen that can be used almost immediately. Provides nitrogen for ammonia and nitrate. The standard application method is to transfer the grain dispersion. These quickly dissolve in water to release nitrogen into the soil. The application rate is 2/3 to 1 1/3 cup (157.5 - 315 ml) of ammonium nitrate fertilizer. 1,000 square feet (93 square feet) of land
Ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4 was one of the first nitrogen fertilizers (N) most used in agricultural production. It is now used less frequently but is particularly useful when N and sulfur (S) are needed. High solubility offers versatility for various agricultural applications.
A solution containing dissolved ammonium sulfate is often added to post-emergence herbicide sprays to improve their effectiveness in weed control. This practice of increasing the effectiveness of ammonium sulfate herbicides is particularly effective when the water supply contains high concentrations of calcium, magnesium, or sodium. For this purpose, a high degree of purity of ammonium sulfate is often used to prevent nozzle connection.
Calcium cyanamide, also known as nitrolime, has been used for over 100 years as a slow-release nitrogen/calcium fertilizer with a calming effect. It is now often used to avoid performance and quality loss at increasingly narrow speeds.
The herbicidal effect of calcium cyanamide only works in the upper 3-4 cm of the soil. This means that it occurs mainly in newly planted and small weeds, up to the 4-leaf stage.
Calcium nitrate fertilizer can be used in different ways, depending on the purpose and preferences. For fruits that have already been affected by a disease like The Ends of Flowers, a leaf spray is the best way to treat the plant. This ensures that the plant absorbs the calcium as quickly as possible.
A foliar spray with a calcium nitrate fertilizer can also be used to treat a calcium or nitrogen deficiency in any plant. Spraying the foliage is preferable to treating the soil of plants that already show signs of nutrient deficiency, as it is the fastest way to introduce nutrients into the plant system.
Sodium nitrate was one of the first commercially available inorganic nitrogen (N) fertilizers. It was very important in plant nutrition before the discovery of ammonia synthesis by the Haber-Bosch process in the early 20th century.
Urea is the most important nitrogen fertilizer on the market, with the highest nitrogen content (around 46%). It is a white crystalline organic chemical compound. Urea has a neutral pH and is suitable for almost all types of soil. The main function of urea fertilizer is to provide nitrogen to plants to promote green leaf growth and keep plants lush.
Urea should be applied during planting. It should not come into contact with seeds. It can also be used as a cover.
Since urea is highly concentrated in nitrogen, it must be used in combination with soil or sand before application. Urea should not be applied if the medium contains free water or if it is likely to remain wet for 3-4 days after application.
Potassium levels in most plants range from 1 to 4% by weight. Unlike other primary nutrients, K does not form any other compounds in the plant, only ions remain. Potassium is also important in feeding animals and humans; therefore, healthy vegetables, fruits, and cereals must contain a large amount of K. Potassium controls the opening and closing of stomata with a potassium ion pump. Since stomata are important in water regulation, potassium regulates water loss in leaves and increases tolerance to drought.
A potassium deficiency can cause intravenous necrosis or chlorosis, wilt, dark spots, and an increased risk of pathogens. K + is highly mobile and can help balance anionic charges in the plant. It acts as an activator of enzymes used for photosynthesis and respiration. Potassium is used to build cellulose and facilitates photosynthesis, forming a precursor to chlorophyll.
There are several important fertilizers for potassium. They are:
Potassium chloride is a generic term used to describe a variety of agricultural fertilizers that contain K. potassium chloride (KCl), the most widely used source, usually called Muriate of Potash or MOP (muriate is the ancient name for any chlorinated salt). Potassium chloride and fat. Potassium chloride is the most widely used K fertilizer due to its relatively low cost and because it contains more K than most other sources: 50 to 52% K (60 to 63% K20) and 45 to 47% for Cl⁻ .
Farmers spread KCL over the soil surface before growing and planting. It can also be applied as a concentrated strip on the seed. As the dissolution of fertilizers increases the concentration of soluble salt, the bound KCl is placed on the side of the seed to avoid damaging the seedling.
Potassium sulfate K2SO4, commonly known as potassium sulfate or POP). Potassium is a relatively abundant element in the earth's crust, and the production of potassium fertilizers occurs on all inhabited continents. However, K2SO4is rarely found in pure form in nature. Instead, it is naturally mixed with salts containing magnesium, sodium, and chloride (Mg, Na, and Cl respectively).
Manufacturers produce fine particles (less than 0.015 mm) to produce leaf irrigation or spray solutions that dissolve more quickly. And growers consider spraying K₂SO or leaves a convenient way to apply additional K and S to plants that replenish soil nutrients. However, at too high a concentration, the blade can be damaged.
Potassium nitrate (KNO₃) is a soluble source of two essential nutrients for plants. It is often used as a fertilizer for high-quality crops that benefit from the nutrition of nitrates (NO₃-) and a source of potassium chloride (Cl⁻) (K +).
KNO₃ is applied to the soil before the growing season or as a supplement during the growing season. Sometimes a diluted solution is sprayed on the leaves of plants to stimulate physiological processes or remedy nutritional deficiencies. Foliar application of K during fruit development benefits some crops, since this growth phase generally coincides with the high K requirements over time, with a decrease in root activity and nutrient absorption.
Langbeinite is a unique food source for plants because three essential nutrients naturally combine in one mineral. Provides an immediately available supply of potassium (K), magnesium (mg), and sulfur (S) for growing plants.
The particles ensure a uniform distribution of nutrients when farmers spread them across the fields. Due to the economy, agronomists do not always recommend that Langbein meet the full K requirements for a crop. Instead, the delivery rate can be based on the need for Mg, S, or both.
Phosphorus (P) is an important nutrient that limits growth and, unlike nitrogen, no major atmospheric source can be bioavailable. Root development, stem and stem resistance, flower and seed formation, crop maturity and production, nitrogen fixation in legumes, crop quality, and resistance to plant diseases are properties associated with the nutrition of phosphorous.
Although the absorption of phosphorus by plants is less than nitrogen and potassium, normal plant growth cannot be achieved without it. The concentration of soluble phosphorus (P) in tropical soils is generally very low, phosphorus is only available in micromolar amounts or less.
Phosphorous fertilizers are available in the form of monobasic calcium phosphate, Ca (H2PO4) 2
Phosphorous fertilizers increase crops, improve crop quality, stimulate plant maturation, and improve plant resistance to permanence and drought. Drought resistance is particularly important for the USSR because the largest areas where they are grown are in areas with insufficient humidity.
The high efficiency of the phosphorous test has been established for all soil and climate zones in the Soviet Union and all crops. The positive effect of the phosphorus test is particularly visible with sufficient availability of nitrogen and potassium for plants and with deep absorption of manure in the soil.
The application rate of the phosphorus test depends on the availability of soil, crops, and nutrients.
In the USSR, 60 to 120 kg of P2O5 (free diffusion) are applied to each hectare at the time of tillage or cultivation. During planting, 10 to 40 kg of P2O5 is used as drilling fertilizer. The phosphorous dressing is generally not effective on land without irrigation.
Fertilizers can also be divided into two categories based on their state of presence. These are:
Granulate plan feeds are dry fertilizers that are converted into granules and are mixed frequently to obtain the desired proportion of the nutrients required in the fields. This method allows a farmer to check the exact amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium added to the fields.
Granular fertilizers can be applied by direct transmission in the field, plants in a strip with crops, or next to crop plants as a dressing, where they are grown in the soil.
Liquid fertilizers have the advantage that they can be applied to the soil as well as to the plants themselves, also called leaf application. Applying it to the soil absorbs nutrients from the roots while applying it to the plant allows the plant to absorb the fertilizers through the leaves and makes the nutrients more readily available for immediate use.
The leaf application can allow a farmer to make mid-season corrections to add important nutrients to the plants. In this case, they did not receive the correct mixture at the beginning of the season and need a customs injection.
Liquid fertilizers can be applied through leaves or on the ground. For soil application, liquids can be dispensed and used in groups during planting and as a maid in the off-season.
Again, There are two types of fertilizers, depending on the speed of application:
Slow Release Fertilizers (SRF) provide plants with nutrients over a longer period. They contain phytonutrients (mainly nitrogen) in a way that delays their initial availability.
As a result, real slow-release fertilizers offer a sustainable and continuous supply of N for up to 4 months, even in unsafe weather conditions.
Slow or gradual release fertilizers are excellent for fast coloring plants. These products have special coatings that release nutrients gradually, generally over a three to nine-month period.
The term is given on the fertilizer label. Slow-release products are often already mixed in terrestrial impregnation mixes and pouches. If you are buying mixtures that do not contain fertilizer, add them before planting. As the name suggests, it may take a few minutes for the results to appear, but slow-release fertilizers accelerate growth. If necessary, you can add more slow-release fertilizers to the soil in the middle of the growing season.
Fast fertilizers are powder plant nutrients that are mixed with water according to the manufacturer's label. These plant food are also known as water-soluble fertilizers. The reason why they are called quick release feeds that they are available for the life of the plants. In other words, once applied to plants, they are immediately resumed.
However, caution is advised as these can burn the plant if too much is used. Fertilizers are salts, and if used excessively or in the wrong amount, excess salt builds up around the root area of the plant and deprives the plant of water. Instead of the water-absorbing plant, the opposite happens.
Regardless of the type, each fertilizer purchased is accompanied by information about the nutrients it contains. The N-P-K ratio is highlighted, the percentage that contains the product in volume of nitrogen (chemical symbol N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). For example, a 16-16-16 plant foods contains 16% nitrogen, 16% phosphorus and 16% potassium. A 25-4-2 formulation contains 25% nitrogen, 4% phosphorus and 2% potassium.
All plant feds contain at least one of these components; If not, the ratio for this nutrient is zero (a 12-0-0 contains nitrogen but not phosphorus or potassium).
Packaged, packaged, and filled products show the N-P-K ratio on the label. For fertilizers sold in bulk in self-service boxes, the ratio is specified in the shopping cart. For future reference, write the information on the bags you fill and take them home
If a plant foo contains all three nutrients, one speaks of a complete fertilizer. If a product contains only one or two of the three nutrients, it is an incomplete one. Complete fertilization seems to be the answer for all gardens, but that's not true. If your soil already contains two of the three necessary nutrients, you can save money by buying an incomplete fertilizer to increase the third nutrient. Complete plant food can also do more harm than good. If a plant has enough nutrients and more are added with a complete fertilizer, the plant can die.
Generic fertilizers contain an equal amount of N-P-K or a slightly higher percentage of nitrogen. These are not specific and meet most requirements to help plants grow.
Special purpose plant nutrients are mainly used by gardeners who want a certain combination of three nutrients, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
There are three types of special fertilizers. One type contains mostly nitrogen and is used to stimulate growth. Another type stimulates root and flower growth and stem strength. This lant feed contains less nitrogen, more phosphorus, and potassium.
This type of granular soil adamant is used in new planting areas and planted deep in the soil where the roots will grow.
After the first flower production, you can also use granular composts to keep growing. The third type of special fertilizer is designed for certain plants. They usually take their name from the plant and are specially formulated for your needs. (Try Dr. Earth's Total Advantage Flower and Rose Fertilizer.)When you are growing plants, vegetables on a field or garden in your backyard, learning about different types will aid in the long term.
This is why we have tried to create a huge list of fertilizers with why and how they can help improve soil quality and plant growth.
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