If you are planning hatching quail bird eggs and want to learn about the whole procedure. Here, is a complete Quail hatching guide for beginners who want to start including quails eggs.
Quail's egg hatch hatching process can be divided into two. The first one is the natural method where the mother quail sits on own egg and hatches. The second one is breeding baby quails using an artificial incubator. Both processes are simple, once you made a setup. However, maintaining temperature, humidity and environment are troublesome. Here, in this article, we are about to explore those two methods and how to outperform problems to gain success.
These birds are also known as game birds. It has about 95 species all over the world. Moreover, Found in two different families under the Galliformes. Old world quails belong to the Phasianidae family. However, the new world (The American Species- California quail and bobwhite quail ) belongs to the Odontophoridae family.
These small birds are very popular worldwide. People rise them for meat and eggs. For this reason, producing quail chicks are profitable. Moreover, we have a complete guide on quail farming.
Before going to explore hatching processes, there are some additional things you must know. Like, reconciling an egg is fertile or not or hatching rate, etc.
The simplest and most used technique to determine if an egg is fertilized is called candling the egg. It is actually holding the egg up to a lighted candle or small flashlight. If you are not able to see through, probably the egg is fertile.
If the egg aspires transparent, you can mark that as an infertile.
The fertile ones are hatch-able means they can be used for reproducing new quails birds (also known as "check").
Finding a fertile egg is easy. Still, if you are thinking about starting a hatchery, you must create an infallible source of eggs.
Hatching rate refers to the percentage of rebirth. It can be calculated by dividing the number of newborns by the number of eggs used. In the case of these birds, 90%+ hatch rate is appreciatable. If you can achieve that you can mark that as a success.
Move on to the actual topics, let's find out the process of hatching.
Before collecting eggs, we recommend first choose and set up the hatching system. You may notice that we have divided the hatching process into two,
This is the ancient method. Where a quails hen is used to sit on fertile eggs and hatch them. However, if you don't have quail hen you can use other poultry birds to hatch them. But, as the eggs are small not every poultry can handle them. In such circumstances, broody hens are more suitable.
When a quail (a hen) get broody, it will stay in its habitat for 24 hours. However, you will need to encourage them to extend the period. Normally, this is done by leaving artificial eggs in the nest. It helps the hen to get broody and set on eggs in a nesting box.
The nesting box or sitting places need to be set on a tranquil place, under a shade. Nonetheless, you need to make sure fresh air. It is significant to increase the hatching rate and healthy environment. A 5.0 x 8.0 inches box is perfect for one broody hen. However, we will recommend 8.5 x 11.0 in or even bigger boxes. It allows the bird to comfort egg movements (rotation).
To grow a microscopic embryo in an egg, it is ought to maintain the ideal temperature at 100 °Fahrenheit (roughly 38°C). Still, slight deflection (+/- 2 °Fahrenheit) of Warmth is acceptable. As time passes, when the embryo grows its size broody quails lower the temperature.
But, maintaining the moisture ar 60-80% is troublesome. However, control the fresh air and spray water to control the humidity. Or you can leave as it is to the mother birds. However, you ought to control the temperature as mentioned earlier.
This artificial quailing technology is suitable for any purpose. Normally, if you are likely to hatch more than 10- 1000 eggs a month, you can find a proper device for that.
We have an article reviewing the [ Read: ] 7 Best Quail Incubator Review and Buying Guide.
This artificial hatching does not quail broody hens. But, as it is unnatural, inspecting the environment is a must. You, need to inspect the warmth, humidity and egg movement (turning). Besides, on the very end of the hatching, you need to look for sprouts.
Now, let's begin from the start:
After collecting eggs for the incubator, the process should be-
Check and maintain this: -
Temperature: First set at,100 +- 2 °Fahrenheit, Lower temperature 5 ° -10 ° at the last week.
Humidity: Of the first two weeks, 45- 55% and last 50%- 65%
Auto/ Manual Movement(Rotation): 3 times a day, repeat until 2 days before total including period. As the fetus becomes active.
|Quail Varieties||Total Period/Days||Turn Off After Auto Tuning /Days|
|Elegant quail (Benson)||22||20|
|Blue Scaled (Cottontop)||23||21|
|Bobwhite/ Virginia / Northern bobwhite||22-23||20|
|Buttonquail or hemipodes||16||14|
|California quail (Cal Valley)||22-23||20|
|Coturnix (Most Common One)||16-18||14|
|Gambel's quail (Callipepla Gambelii)||22||20|
|Montezuma quail (Mearns)||24-25||23|
When most of the eggs become hatched, move the chicks into the brooder. The babies are unable to regulate temperature. That is why,
Make sure before you put them in the brooder, that it is warmed at 98 ° F (37° C).
One other thing must mention here, Spraddle leg problems can arise in a brooder. Therefore, we suggest you use paper towels or wooden powder on the floor.
If you're a beginner to quail hatching or newly brought an incubator, there will be lots of questions pop up your mind. Here we will answer those questions.
If you have any question you can ask the below the comment. We try to solve your problem ASAP.
There is a branch of common questions that we were asked over the period. Here, we will try to solve hatching related problems and answer one by one.
Baby quails can stay inside up to 24 hours. But, our suggestion is, if the brooder is ready, transfer it ASAP. Because the temperature inside can cause death.
It will take 17 to 19 days to hatch, to learn more: The chart of different quails eggs hatching time
The newborn quail will need to be kept in controlled temperature for four weeks to six weeks, So, it will need a heat lamp till that period ends.
This quite easy and straightforward. Pure the eggs into a bucket full of water. If the egg floats, the egg is not fertile and if it down its fertile. Read more here: Hatch-able Eggs: Find Out the Fertile Eggs
Definitely, yes. Quails can hatch there own eggs. Moreover. quail eggs easy to hatch.
A newly born chick can leave up to 3 days depending on the circumstances. However, provide some edible feed and water in a pot. So, that when they are strong enough they can eat.
Yes, but not recommended without a region.
It will take 10-16 hours. However, try to transfer babies into a brooder in 12 hours. Learn more about brooders:
Yes, but not recommended.
There are two methods for checking, one using candle second one os floating test. Both of these methods are reliable. Read more here:
There are many incubators, we had reviewed on seven of them. Read here: Best quails incubator.
There are some popular methods of doing that, we have answered it here: read more about partial eggs.
I hope, this answers all of your questions. However, if you have other questions let us know we will try to answer it.
At the end of our quail hatching guide, we would like to remind you to take notes. If you have other question you can ask directly in the comment below.