Do you want to start Black Bengal Goat Farming? Here is the complete guide to starting rearing Black Bengal breed on your farm quickly at the lowest expense. Learn everything about everything about them.
Do you know? Why 30% of start-up farm fail?
More than 30% of start-up farm are not successful at their first attempt. Because they skip the basic part. Actually, if you never go market in your life than you are going to be cheated by shopkeepers. Right?
There are also several mistakes that cause those failures. i.e- they buy low-quality goats, foods, and most importantly do not know how to care for goats. Here we share our experience and knowledge so that you can easily be a successful goalkeeper.
What is the reason behind starting black bengal farm? Why not other livestock farming?
The best answer will be -This farming has a rear capacitively to reduce poverty and create economic freedom. Also, the whole process is fairly easy for beginners plus it requires lesser money.
You may also hard that a lot of people truly succeed to level up there livelihood. A farm with at least 25 goats can generate enough money for bearing all the costs of a small family of four people.
You probably know that it is one of the top profitable farming in subcontinental countries like Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Over the last half-century, it becomes one of the best sources of meat and milk along with the cows. Bhutan. And the surprising fact is that the population of them is just over 30 million. Which makes them one of the largest goat varieties in the Indian subcontinent. And the other reasons are...
There are also several benefits over other breeds. We will discuss this in the next topics.
Most of the livestock farming is profitable. But if you want to start a livestock farm which generates profit every month. There is no other option to choose then farming goats. The top advantages of farming in this breed are listed below. [Source Wikipedia.]
Black Bengal Goats produces high-quality meat and skin.
These are the top benefits of this special goats breed. Note this breed is suitable for Bangladesh, Asham(India), West Bangla (India), Bhutan etc. But if you can provide a proper climate condition (which is described below) they can sustain, this is possible to grow anywhere in the world.
You need to learn quickly about goat farming information for beginners. We share all the info you need to know before and after launching the goat farming business. Things like govt. the subsidiary is not discussed here. Because that is a complex procedure. Do not waste your time on it. Probably for the first time you will not get help.
Most often people fail on there start-up farm. It's always sad and hurt when we hear about failure stories. Learn the general information and characteristics. This is very important! It will assists you to take the proper decision and understand the whole farming method.
If you don't know about there habitat you don't know the most important thing. This is one of the most ignored things, yet! the key factors to be a profitable small scall goat farm owner.
Learn more about goats behavior and lifestyle.
Black Bengal goats are normally black. Though, it can also found in the mixture of two color black and white or brown. Small & strong body structure. Its horns and ears are small and legs are short.
One of the faulty rumor about goat is, they can eat anything. This is not true. This animal does not eat everything. Again when you start growing black Bengal goats, you want them to be healthy. Grow faster, produce more milk and meat. The best food for goats is fresh grass and Grainy feed.
In the normal situation, a female goat gives 300-400ml milk a day for 3 to 4 month. Milk production can be increased to 1000ml. Which require a set of actions (i.e. provide good quality foods and nutrients ).
Goat's milk is reported to be resistant to tuberculosis and asthma and there is considerable demand for milk.
Black Bengal goats are known for its better meat quality and taste. The average buck and doe weight respectively 20-30 and 20-25kg. About 55-60 percent of the total weight is meat.
This animal does not like cold or rain. And you will need to provide secure shelter for them in the night. Whenever you are going to rise more than 10 goats. We recommend you to build a modern accommodation facility for them. We will cover this process on Build Black Bengal Goat Shelter. You can also read 7 steps to start goat farming business for profit.
Now, let's move to the farming process. On the first step before buying goats for rearing, you will need to build the shelter for the animals.
There are three different processes to raise goats. Goat housing (Shed) information guides...
This is a very common process of rearing. People tend to organically raise them backyard. But the drawback of this process is, it is not suitable for large-scale livestock farming.
This rearing method is preferable for people who do not have who want to start black Bengal goats farming in the city. To reduce the house building cost you can use cheap materials like wood, bamboo, tin, sunglasses etc. In this method of farming, goats grow up in a closed space. That's why it is not recommended for black bengal goat farming. Though there are some benefits. I.e. low diseases.
Semi-closed or Half-bound space means a small place which is closed by fences. This method of goats rearing is preferable and better for commercial black bengal goats farming. Where the animal is provided with a small area to move on. And a shelter house for rest, sleep, and protection from bad weather. Grainy food is supplied in the fields while they are buried. They feed green grass on the field.
The general size of this farm is more than 10 square meter(32 fit) and above. The shelter takes 1 third of the space. Build shelter built on a lofty platform, it will allow goats to rest under the shelter house on the sunny days.
We recommend you to build this housing structure. It will provide the natural environment for animals. Moreover, this ensures the best production of milk and rapid growth.
For all 3 methods, per goat need at least 1.5 squre meter housing space.
Accommodation is required for survival of goats, security, thunderstorm, sunlight, wildlife etc.. Separate habitat arrangements are not seen in the family goats. However, it is necessary to have a science-based residence for fostering many goats.
There are two standard housing types depending on the size of the goats. This is also known as accommodations method. Again each of them is also popular in different rearing methods. Let's determine which one you need by carefully read the pro and cons.
This type of animal house built on the ground about 1 to 2 feet above the land to provide better drainage system.
This type of shelter built on a high platform about 1 meter high from the floor. They are actually an entresol. This is most favorite among modern farmers.
East-West tall goose-house to open the open house on the south side. The building should be constructed at a relatively high elevation so that there is no difficulty in draining the water.
Each goat need 5-6 sq.ft (1.5 sqm), and adult buck requires slightly more space. So, multiply the total number of goats you want to raise with that. And measure the total estimated area your goal of farming.
During the procurement of new goats on the farm, it is necessary to purchase the disease-free goat. In addition, you should check the vendor background before purchasing on this checklist (Attributes considered in the purchase of goats).
Your success is mostly depending on this steps. So, It will be a better solution to get help from experienced goat keepers.
Ask help from a goat farmer you know. Don't afraid of anything. Farmers are the kindest people existing in the world. Share your activity and create a community with other farmers.
Depending on your knowledge or rearing goat you should buy different ages of goats. Our recommended age is around 9 months to 12 months of old. Question is how to detect the age?
The simplest method is by looking at the teeth. At the age below of 12 months, they will have all the milk teeth, And if the age is in between12-15 months old the permanent teeth appairs. Moreover, at the lifespan 36 months, there will be 4 pairs of permanent teeth. So keep that in your memory.
After collecting goats this is very important to secure success in your first goat farm. So, confirm that every goat has some initial treatment. Most often people tend to sell there animal when they are sick. Also, keep that in mind that, if they were reared in a traditional way. Goats can be affected by the worm and other bacterial diseases even deadly virus. Because it grows in an open place. That is why we suggest you to an inquiry about the seller. The initial treatment you need to perform are-
Ignore this steps below, if you do not have any goats on your farm before.
After collecting new goats, do not keep them with other goats directly. Because, As we mentioned that, they can be infected with diseases. Instead, arrange a separate place or shade for new goats. So, this type of habitation is called separation house or isolation shade. It is expressly necessary to keep at least two weeks in this shed.
At the end of the process, your farm has goats. That means you have to start farming goats. So, let's discover how to care for them.
You will agree with us that it is the most important factor to be a successful goat farmer.
Luckily, modern farming is easy. You can always get information about any animal feed.
Ensure equally balanced feed every day.
This feeding process very important and hard to describe in short. So we write a completely different post on How To Feed Black Bengal Goat | Gain Weight and Secure Health.
Seek for loacl animal doctor. Perform a regular health checkup on every week.
Now, this is very important to be connected with the local govt. livestock hospital. Gather information about the latest vaccination and caring method. Being said that, the must performable goat vaccination are-
And do not forget to keep cost profit vs ledger, take notes, keep connected with goat farmers.
The success of this goat farming project depends on the number of the animal and the relevant price. Do not keep sellable goats for a long time
In such adverse conditions, sickness is very normal due to much travel. Therefore, it is not right to take any risky step for marketing. But, The farmer can make his own decision. Because if you contain enough space to handle goats you can stock them little longer.
Finally, Thanks for visiting us! And don't forget to share this with your friends and family. This is not the end of your quest. Your journey to being a successful goat keeper is just about to start. Be with us for more advice and skills about black bangle goat farming.