goat feed list

Goats Feed List: What do Goats Eats and Don’t Eat


What to feed your goats? How to manage goat nutrition facts and gain weight? this is the complete goats feed list including what they eat and do not eat in details.

What do Goats Eat? – Goats Feed List

Do you know that people have the misconception about this fact that “goats eat everything”?

what do goats eat
what do goats eat

This is not true at all. People misunderstood this matter. But as a farmer, we know that they do not eat everything. Well, you may find that goats eat paper, household trash, etc. But our questions does it digest?

The answer is that they can not digest not properly anything. Besides, if you think similar to people, we can eat everything but does it digest? Another question is it that healthy? We can die eating something poisonous or not digestible.

Also, this is not a wise thing to feed your goats everything that is eatable. The causes are they may not need that. And what about nutrition? We will dig deep into that too.

This is the complete goat’s food list what they like to eat. And following that the list what they do not like to eat or shouldn’t feed. After both of these two-section, we discuss the inevitable rules of goat feeding to secure better health.

The List of Best Foods for Goats:

This list contains the best food to feed a goat in terms of their liking and nutrition value. This list is divided into several sections in order to provide better understandability. The first list contains what to feed goats to gain health and weight. Then they’re favorite food list and other least favorable goat foods.

Goats Feed List

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Here are the most common goats feed list, with some description and pros and cons.

Pasture & Browsing:

Pasture and browse contain sufficient nutrition & delicacy for goats. It helps the digestive process of the goat and also it’s really delicious for goats.

There are various kinds of pasture but for the goats, Sudan grass, Bahia grass, Sorghum, Millet, the mixture of grain grass and clover are the great source of nourishment for the goats. Pasture mostly covers the necessity of hay.

Browsing also helps the pasture procedure during the grazing season. The doesn’t have to worry much cause while browsing in the places the goat can provide food for itself. It also keeps the health of the really good and protects it from any kind of contagious diseases.


Hay is another key element like the pasture in the goat farming scheme. The goats should be fed qualified product(hay) not containing mold. If the pasture feeding system is good on your farm then the feeding process of hay can only occur when the grazing isn’t available.

Hay is also in the goats feed list for cold or rainy days. Weedy and grass hay are really good for the goats. It’s not only cheap but it also contains a large amount of protein and nutrition. Alongside, it alfalfa hays provides extra protein for the goats.

The most favorable hay are clover, alfalfa, soybean or lespedeza and vetch.


Chaffhaye is mainly grass or hay that begins by cutting them early into smaller chunks and spread with molasses.

After that, it generally put into a bag. this will parch while inside these containers. It combines beneficial bacteria to the hay which causes it comfortable for the goats to digest. This agitation method includes extra minerals, energy, and nutrients.

Vitamins and Minerals:

Calcium, Phosphorus, and salt contain minerals which are essential for the goat’s health. Baking soda is one of the vitamin providers which helps the goat with the bloating problem.  Vitamin E, A, and D are really necessary for both baby and mature goats.

  • Black oil sunflower seeds contain vitamin E which helps the goat enriching its milk and developing its reproductive system and muscles.
  • Probios helps the goat with the function of the rumen. Kelp Meal is a source of iodine which increases the production of milk for goats.
  • On the other hand, the Apple Cider Vinegar is full of enzyme and minerals which helps the goats with the immune system of the body.

Garden and kitchen Scrap:

Scraps have a great nutritious demand on the field of the feeding of the goats. It saves your time as well as your expense.

  • Scraps like tomato end, banana peels, garlic skins, and orange peels are of great purpose in this regard.
  • Furthermore, human foods, like veggies, fruits and also dried fruits can be used for this purpose. Sweet feeds are not really great for the goats.
  • Cause it can make the goats lazy and dependable on these junk products.


People who are unable to provide the necessary foods for the goats can fill the gap with 12-16% of grains. In any species goats feed list and any part of the world, the grain is an essential item.

  • Generally, you have to feed grain every day.
  • For mature goats, about 30%-40% of the feed must be grain foods.
  • But baby goats can’t digest that properly.
  • It consists of protein and carbon. So grain food is essential for goats.
  • There are different types of grain such as rolled, texturized, whole and pelleted.
  • Products like oats, rye, corn, barley, moil are known as cereal grains which provides the consisting elements.

Now in the winter seasons, they need some extra care. Note that they do not like rain and winter. If you read our article “7 steps to start goat farming business for profit” you will know the consequence. Where I completely break down the impact of winter, snow, and rain.

List of Feeds in Winter: 

The goats feed list or any animal starts with water. In the cold season, make sure that the water is drinkable. If you find that your goats do not eat enough water or liquid then try to provide hot water.

On the other hand, grain foods can be harder to digest especially for the kids.

HAY is the single most important thing, at that time they will live on that. My tips will be to store the best quality hay.

Additional proteins can be served too. But you have to decide whether proteins are required or not. However, If your animals are fond of green grass, three leaves then it is possible that they won’t like hay. In that case to ensure healthy goats you need to provide supplements like proteins.

Note: Keep an extra eye on bulks, make sure that they do eat and make a goats feed list for cold days. 

Read more at Winter Goat Care Guide: How to care goats in the winter season.

List of goats favorite foods:


Now, here is a list I can provide you. This is the foods that they like to eat. However, this will be important for you if you rise them as a pet.

90% of the food they eat is pasture or hay. Undebatably this is the most favorite.

In general, goats love to eat pasture, raisins, greens, chaffhaye, sunflower seeds, carrots, pumpkin seeds.  Furthermore, species like black bengal are extremely fond of Jackfruit leaves.

What shouldn’t give to goats:

Some farmers give unwholesome and unhygienic food to the goats. It’s not good for them and also could cause serious health issues. Goats like to browse and eat leaves, tree, hay, grass, etc. But special attention should be given so that any trash like paper or Cigarettes don’t get mixed with its food.

On the contrary, any dog or cat feeds mustn’t be given to goats even though the dog food is dietary. Alongside this, the products that shouldn’t be given to goats are:-

  • Crotalaria.
  • Azaleas.
  • Avocado.
  • Chocolate.
  • Milkweed.
  • Wild cherries.
    Plant with oxalates such as- 
  • Kale.
  • Holly trees or bushes.
  • Lilly of the valley.
  • Rhubarb leaves.
  • Any nightshade vegetable.
  • Lilacs.
  • Peach and palm leaves.

This animal also dislikes grass hay. Though you can mix them with other Legume hays. But a mix of grass hay and alfalfa is very effective as a feed.

What to feed goats to gain health and weight: 

Farmers sometimes face this problem of sluggish growth in bad health.

Showdown a bit.

You will need a dedicate “goats feed list” for gaining weight quickly. But, Believe me! you do now want them to be fat. Do you?

To secure extra or first health and weight it involves steps feeding process and providing a balanced diet plan. What to do and what to feed your goats are:-

  • First, provide clean and safe water. You can include minerals in small portion, too much of that may cause water phobia. Haha…

Food list to gain health and weight.

  1. Pasture (80-90% of daily diet), 
  2. Grain(7-10% of daily diet),
  3. Minerals (1-2% of their diet),
  4. Black Sunflower Seeds – provides vitamin E & selenium

You must ensure Vitamins from foods or Protein supplement.

Some Inevitable rules of goat feeding:

Now then, I assume you have a complete goats feed list. But, the question is how and what to provide them?

Here are the intensive rules for a profitable farm.

  • The quantity of green feed, water, vitamins, and minerals have to be adequate cause these are the key elements for farming goats.
  • Special attention needs to be given to improving goats bodily condition.
  • Supplements have to be given to goats to develop it’s milk, skin and better immune system.
  • Goat feeding has to be secured so it can’t get contaminated by germs, bacteria, and parasites.
  • The diet can be controlled by hay.

Finally, to create such an in-depth goats feed list, we have to communicate with farmers like you. This allows us to plan the best farming methods.

Frequently Asked Questions about goat foods:

Can goats eat apples?

Yes, they can eat an apple. However, it is not suggested to feed a full bucket of apple at a time. Because It is harmful to their digestive system.
Actually, they love skin.
On the other hand, feeding apple as a daily diet is deadly. Feed small portions during each snack time. However, If you feed fruits or vegetables make sure that all pieces are small enough to eat for goat.
A large apple has 11% carbohydrate and 1% protein which can vital to keep them healthy. Moreover, Carbohydrates usually provide the majority of energy to goats.
Now, that means, you can feed apple but like snakes not like regular foods. Besides, a small amount of apple is safe for goat.

Can goats eat blueberry?

Yes, They eat blueberries. They always try to have that food because it’s small size attracts them. However, It is not suggested to feed a lot of amount in one sitting. Because it is injurious to their digestive system.

On the contrary, Blueberries have vitamins, minerals, Manganese, antioxidants. Antioxidants act superbly in their internal parts of the body.
it has many minerals that the body use. the mineral helps to generate the blood. This fruit usually provides a couple of vitamins like vitamin C and K.
These all of the nutrition elements get from this delicious fruit.
In the end, We can say that you feed that fruit like occasional food not like regular food.

Can goats eat meat?

No, they can not eat. Goats are mainly grass-fed animals. They mainly love to eat granular foods and grass.

Particularly, The goat’s digestive system is plant-centric because they are not carnivorous animals.
The fact that they have meat intake is completely wrong.

Again, Many have heard that goats eat all. I can say that this is a misconception.
Goats have a bad temper, they always give their mouths forward, which at times seems like they are eager to eat, but not really.
They turn their mouths on a piece of meat, but they never eat it.

In conclusion, We can say that goats can not eat meat.

This is the modern farmer’s blog for increasing and spreading the knowledge with others. For those reasons, we badly need your help. Follow us on facebook twitter share your knowledge and wisdom with us.

Now, let us know your goats feed list. Comment below this article we will love to hear from you.

  1. Jackie barnett 1 year ago

    We have 2 small goats

  2. Connie Kersnowski 1 year ago

    Can goats eat hay that looks like barbed wild wheat?

  3. Suzie 1 year ago

    Can goats eat peeled sweet potatoes spiral? Its just fancy. Peeled. Trying to help neighbor with a new pet billy goat! Please get back asap, Thank you

    • Adam Travis 1 year ago

      Yes, You can feed ’em dried thinner the slice. Most of the cases, the outer covering or skin is healthier. Thanks

  4. Joel Kilbarger 10 months ago

    Had someone tell me they feed tuna in oil to their show wethers? Ever heard of this?

  5. James muti 7 months ago

    Can goats eat yam peelings

    • Adam Travis 7 months ago

      Yes.. they can… blends of yam peels amidst cowpea husk are jet to obtain a significant application in goat nutrition.

  6. david england 7 months ago

    can you feed the nigerian dwarf goats suddan hay

  7. Anthony Anyigbo 3 months ago

    Please, can we relate so as to gain knowledge as I intend to start my goat farm soon.
    Thank you

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