How to Care for Goats (Complete Beginners Guide)

The Complete Goat Care and Maintenance Guide for Healthy Goats. This step-by-step guide is on the daily and basic caring process. However, it not includes the infected, sick, kids, or pregnant goat care and treatment.

The farming method is involved in goat farming for a while now. From our experience, I can say that- caring for goats is easy and cheap, but that needs to be controlled & continuous.

Caring for your goat on a day-to-day basis is relatively straightforward, but there are some essential things you’ll need to know to get started.

To ensure good health and secure the profit on you goat farm, care and maintenance are the two most important factor.

However, of misleading information’s out there. Instead, in this article, I will guide you on “how to care for your goats in an organized way.” And it will be helpful if you are willing to start goat farming or already started.

Let, know how to care for goats on your farm, shall we?

The Basic of Caring Goats Herd and Health Management

Goats are profitable small farm animals. They are cute, friendly, peaceful, but sometimes argumentative farm animals.

The most important thing to remember is you can’t just leave the goat to its own.

You’ll need to provide water, hay, and food for the goat, as well as keeping the goat in a safe, comfortable environment.

Caring for a goat is different from caring for a horse or other livestock, so don’t try to apply the same principles for other farm animals.

  • Housing
  • Fencing
  • Handling Goats
  • Feeding
  • Routine care
  • Health Checkup and Maintenence

How to Care for Goats – The Step by Step Process

Generally, goats do not need much care. If you are raising them as a pet, the caring process is simple.

  1. You have to maintain proper salter and environment.
  2. And ensure enough space to play around.
  3. Provide, healthy diet and foods.
  4. Regular care like clean up goats, trimming hooves & grooming is essential.
  5. Also, you have to ensure regular health checkups & vaccinations.

However, on a commercial farm, you need to focus on proper management because it’s hard to take care of many goats.

Goats are one of the animals that are frequently used in commercial farms because they produce milk and meat for humans.

When used for commercial purposes, the goat’s health and wellbeing are of utmost importance.

  • Caring for a goat on a commercial farm requires getting the goat used to human contact and handling not to develop problems.
  • It also includes providing them with healthy food, shelter, water & safety.
  • Caring for individual goats is difficult, so you have to watch out for the hurt or infected goats.
  • In this process, your need to separate the pregnant doe, unhealthy ones, and the hurt ones from the herd.
  • Also, ensure proper care and health and vaccination schedules.

In this article, I will try to guide you to care for both rearing methods.

Now, Let’s start.

1. Shelter Management: The Core of Caring Goats

Shelter Management - Cleaning, Changing Beds

Use pole barn to house your lovely goats. Do not use a shed. The floor should be a dirt one. Avoid wooden floors. With a wooden floor, there is a risk that your goats might get injured.

Joint and ligament injuries are common problems. Prepare your barn with maximum air circulation and ventilation.

  • There should not be any immediate opening for the draft. Each goat needs at least 7-10 square feet of space.
  • As you like your bed sheet to be clean and nice, do the same for your goats.
  • Keeping goats in a gazing area is challenging. Therefore, you will need to build the fence. For this purpose, electric fences are best for goats.

We have reviewed the best electric fence for goats to restrict them From climbing and jumping. You may read it to learn more about fencing.

Always give them a nice clean and dry straw for the bed and remove the old straw daily. Always target a healthy environment.

Keep goats in a herd of at least two. They love to touch and play with their mates. They are just like us. They cannot be alone.

You have to put a lot of effort. Some goats are with aggressive behavior and get into fights with other members.

As you cannot keep a family of your own without hard work every day, you cannot keep goats if you do not work hard for them. To stop any infection or bacteria spread, use hydrated lime over damp spaces.

Hence, goats need special care in winter. You have to provide proper shelter in winter. Learn more here- winter goat care.

What kind of shelter is needed for goats?

Goats are adaptive. However, an ideal shelter will ensure protection from odds, even in the night and cold winter.

The ideal goat house is called a “lofting shed”. In general, each will need seven to ten squire feet space, while six to eight feet heights are adequate.

  • The love dry surface,
  • Easy access to water and hay.
  • Warmth place in winter.

What do goats like to sleep on?

They love to sleep on an of the ground. However, they are comfortable with a deep bedding system.

The recommended bedding materials are Pine Shavings, Straw/ Hay, Pelleted Bedding, Wood chops, and sand.

How often should you clean a goat pen?

  • For the light deep litter method, you should clean up the pen after every two weeks.
  • For the deep litter method, you should clean out the pen after four to six weeks. However, in the winter or rainy season, you should add up straw after two weeks.

NB: This will include disinfecting the pen.

2. Ensure Fresh & Healthy Food

Provide Healthy Food and Feed

Goats require to feed 8 hours to fill the four chambers of their stomach. It depends mainly on pasture or hay. The mixture of grasses and clovers is the best feed.

You need to maintain more than one pasture and then rotate them according to the feeding routine. With this method, unwanted weeds and other grasses will regrow after a few days. Talk to the local animal department to learn more about poisonous grasses and weeds.

You can use timothy to feed your goats in case you do know the situation. Only for weak, debilitated, or pregnant goats give calcium. To cut costs, we need to purchase bales of hays.

They will chew on harmful objects like debris, posts, etc., and cause damage to their mouths.

Learn more at-

How long can Goats go without food?

They can live up to three days without food and three days without water.


Goats are ruminants and have a multi-chambered stomach which means that they can eat and digest grass and leaves and other food that most other animals cannot digest.

As a result, they thrive in places where other animals would starve. Goats can also go for long periods without food, so they are often referred to as goats.

3. Goat Handling

Goats are playful. They are cute and timid.

So, if you suddenly make a move or behave roughly, they will be afraid and try to run away from you.

Think of them as your friends, even if you are using them for your good. They are not just animals. They have lives, emotions, feelings, and a sense of relationship.

They will play with you, run towards you when you call them, but you must take them as friends. Even when you are taking to slaughter, take utmost kindness and use mercy killing.

Always call them with a soft voice. Have patience.

Have some goodies as present when they come to you. Spend time with them, and they will come to know you, and you will come to know them in return. They will become your family member if you think of them as such.

4. Provide Ample of Freshwater

If you come from a tropical climate, you do not need to worry about frozen water during winter.

If you are from a cold climate, then buy an automatic water system for your animals. You must make sure that clear, clean, and fresh water is always available for goats.

An automatic water system will significantly reduce the wastage of water.

But if you cannot buy an expensive automatic water system, buy very heavy-duty big and sturdy troughs

5. Keep Contact With Vet’s

Routing Goat Checkup By Experienced Vat

This is the first thing you should have within your reach. Save the contact information such as telephone or cell phone number, helpline number, website address, email address, fax, etc., within your reach.

Whenever you are in a difficult situation, you can always contact them. You need to keep in contact with the vets who can make on-call visits to your place if necessary.

Besides, you should learn and have their advice before buying your favorite breed of animals. Make a list of all the vets within a 1-to-5-kilometer radius, including more prominent Vets.

6. Routine Goat Health Care

The next thing to learn about is how you should take routine care of your goats. Let us talk about it step by step.

Trimming of Hooves

We have nail clippers, and goats have their hoof trimmer. You have to learn how to use them. Learn from a professional about hoof care for your goats.

It is not okay to try out your no-skill performance on living things like goats. They feel pain, and they bleed from hooves.

So, be sincere, and please learn first before you start farming yourself. It is always good to work for a few months on a farm and learn these directly from experienced farmers.

Always buy sharp and the best goat hooves trimmer so that you can get the job quickly. Goats can become restless, so use a sharp trimmer for a quick and proper job. Hooves grow like our nails, so keep your eyes open.

Care for Lice on Goats

This a common problem in goat farming. Especially, in the winter, your goat may get affected by them.

You can easily find out lice. They move on the skin under the hair, and suck blood, causing goats irritation. There are chimerical and natural ways to get rid of goat lice.


Goats need to be treated with regular doses of medicine for worms in their intestines. Chemical wormers are quickly becoming useless as the worms become resistant to them.

It is better to use herbal wormers. You can get them from the nearby store. Use regular doses, and never miss one. Otherwise, your goat will have trouble. Always buy the best herbal formula.


Although many goat farmers do not like to vaccinate the goats, I will seriously recommend getting vaccine protection against Tetanus.

This can seriously become irrecoverably ugly, even if noticed at an early stage. Therefore, vaccinate at least for this disease.

Emergency Fast Aid

Goat Health Care

In-office or school or farm or other workplace, humans have first aid kit. In the same way, farmers or pet owners must have a first aid kit for goats handy.

Goats sometimes fall into serious trouble and injure themselves. So, keep a first aid kit and call for immediate veterinary help before it is too late.

7. Basic Goat Care Equipments

There are a few things you must have on your farm if you own goats.

  • Clipper,
  • Hoof trimmer,
  • Rectal thermometer,
  • Drencher,
  • Measuring cup,
  • Mastitis Testing Tools,
  • Goat fly spray
  • Bunk feeder,
  • Castrators,
  • Watering pots
  • Milking Stand and Milking Machine.

8. Entertaining Your Goats

Entertaining Your Goats

Do not let your Goats DOWN! You must be proactive to set up an entertainment corner for your goats. Otherwise, they will get bored and start doing the followings:

  • Fence knockdown frenzy: they will push the fence with their butts, then knock it down and escape.
  • They might climb up to unsafe heights and then fall to death or bad injuries.
  • Let me give you some pointers on how to knock their boredom off of their minds. Try doing the followings:
  • Build scratch stations so that if goats have an itchy sensation, they can just go there and have a lovely scratching time.
  • Build structures where your goats can climb and play. They love to explore. If you are near a meadow or a mountain range, take your herd for a walk. Keep a guard dog so that it can keep track of them.
  • Give them a lot of balls of different sizes, and colors. Goats love to play balls.
  • You can build tunnels, hide and seek places for your goats. Think of them as inquisitive kids. They love adventures as well.
  • Build safe and high ramps and obstacle courses for your goats to explore.

Final Tips on Goat Care

Goats are extraordinary pets and farm animals. Ensuring care is dependent on observation and action.
Therefore, you have to keep an eye on them.

They are attractive, social, and playfully naughty. They are lovely and cute if you have eyes and emotion to see that.
Every day, go to your goats, rub them, play with them, walk, and run around your farm.

Try to keep them entertained, and you will see they also are playing with you.

Take proper care of your animals. That is how they will love you back. ]Keep this article in print copy so that you can look up important information when you need one.

Always follow what is written here and do more research. I hope your goats have a lovely time with you.

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